Garlic (Allium sativum) is a member of amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae) which also include, leeks, onions and shallots. Garlic oil is an extract of Allium sativum, a small perennial plant mostly produced in tropical countries with an annual crop around April-May. A garlic bulb is composed of 4-20 pungent bulblets commonly called as cloves. There are about 300 varieties of garlic cultivated worldwide with an annual production of around three million metric tons as estimated by per Food and Agricultural Organization. Though garlic oil is considered as one of the most powerful and essential oil but it is also one of the least known and comprehend essential oil. Commercially garlic oil is produced by steam distillation method and is regarded as one of the oldest kinds of preparations and is widely used in food industry for flavoring and in pharmaceutical industry to treat various kinds of infections. Due to high prices of garlic oil the market for garlic oil is expected to witness a stable growth over the forecast period.
Garlic oil is segmented on the basis of area of application, sales channel and region. On the basis of area of application the global garlic oil market is segmented into, food industry, household and pharmaceutical industry. In food industry garlic oil is mainly used in seasoning and flavoring. Garlic flavors provide seasoning in salad dressing, vinaigrettes and sauces, beef, shrimp, among other foods thus delivering unique odor and taste to the dishes. While in pharmaceutical industry the garlic oil is known to help against several infections including, ear infection, fungal infections, cold and congestion, tuberculosis, bronchitis etc. Garlic oil has also known to show effective against several other diseases including cardiovascular diseases in diabetes as mentioned in the journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
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